This article is a part of a series on Japanese.
Japanese verbs typically end in a う form. Most of Japanese conjugation works as follows: by changing the ending sound, you can add a helper verb or adjective to change the meaning of the verb.
For 五段 verbs, you simply modify the final syllable, like in 買う → 買い. It’s because there are five possible sound endings that they are called as such by the way!
For 一段 verbs, you remove the る syllable (and you might have to add a slight variation depending on the helper word).
- ます : formal version of the verb
- たい : means “to want”.
- noun : converts the verb into a noun describing an action
- そう : means “to look like”
- ない : negation
- れる / られる : receptive
- せる / させる : causative
- る / られる : potential
- う / よう : volitional